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教学方案新初二 - 3复数和祈使句


三甲书院教学设计方案
教师姓名 辅导科目 课题名称 教学重点 教 学 辅 吴徐琴 英语 学生姓名 年级 新初 二 张楷 周扬 王子齐 谢将永 课时 初一复习 教学难点 导 过 程 3 上课日期 上课时间 7.8 10:30-12:00

课时三英语名词单数变复数的规则
一、绝大多数的可数名词的复数形式,是在该词末尾加上后辍-s。 读音变化:结尾是清辅音读[s],结尾是浊辅音或元音读[z]。 例:friend→friends; cat→cats; style→styles; sport→sports; piece→pieces 二、凡是以 s、z、x、ch、sh 结尾的词,在该词末尾加上后辍-es 构成复数。 读音变化:统一加读[iz]。 例:bus→buses; quiz→quizzes; fox→foxes; match→matches; flash→flashes 三、以辅音字母+y 结尾的名词,将 y 改变为 i,再加-es。 读音变化:加读[z]。 例:candy→candies; daisy→daisies; fairy→fairies; lady→ladies; story→stories 四、以-o 结尾的名词,如果不是外来词或缩写,就加-es,否则加-s 构成复数。 读音变化:加读[z]。 例:tomato→tomatoes; potato→potatoes; torpedo→torpedoes; bingo→bingoes 反例:silo→silos; piano→pianos(外来词); photo→photos; 五、以-f 或-fe 结尾的名词,多为将-f 或-fe 改变为-ves,但有例外。 读音变化:尾音[f]改读[vz]。 例:knife→knives; life→lives; leaf→leaves; staff→staves; scarf→scarves 反例:roof→roofs 六、部分单词的复数形式不变。 读音变化:保持原音。 例:fish→fish; sheep→sheep; cattle→cattle; deer→deer;

七、极少数单词,其复数形式没有任何规律。 读音变化:没有规律。 例:man→men; woman→women; child→children; person→people; ox→oxen 八、一些单数词得改头换面一番,才能变成复数词 例: foot→feet; man→men mouse→mice; tooth→teeth; woman→women

九、有些名词是单数、复数不分的 例:deer; fish; cannon; sheep; salmon 鲑鱼; trout 鳟鱼 十、一些名词虽分单数、复数,但出现次数多的总是单数词 例:abscence; clothing; film; help; furniture 家具; machinery 机械; news; scenery 风景; sugar; traffic 交通 十一、另一些名词则以复数词出现的机会较多 例:bellows 风箱; clothes; police; shorts 短裤; scissors 剪刀; spectacles 眼镜; shears 大剪刀 trousers 长裤; wages 工资 十二、若表达具体数目,要借助数量词 例:pair(对,双); suit(套); a pair of glasses; two pairs of trousers 十三、另外还有一些名词,其复数形式有时可表示特别意思, 例:goods 货物,waters 水域,fishes(各种)鱼 十四、除人民币元、角、分外,美元、英镑、法郎等都有复数形式。 例:a dollar, two dollars; a meter, two meters 以 O 结 尾 的 词 , 许 多 加 es 构 成 复 数 , 特 别 是 一 些 常 用 词 如 :

heroes,potatoes,tomatoes,echoes,tornadoes,torpedoes,dominoes,vetoes,mosquitoes,Negroes,mangoes,buffaloe s,volcanoes 但下面几类词只加 s:1.以“元音+o”或“oo”结尾的词 如:videos,radios,studios,,zoos,bamboos,kangaroos, 2.一些外来词,特别是音乐方面的词,如:pianos, 3.一些缩写词和专有名词,如:kilos,photos, 写出下列名词复数 leaf______ puppy_______ box_______ knife_______ fly______ fox______ bus______ bench_____ brush_____ kiss______ church______ dish_____ ruler______ peach________ glass_____ pencil________ boy______ zoo______ man______ roof_______ sheep_______ knife______ lady______ key______

story______ watch______ bamboo______ city______ family______ day_____ apple_______ eraser______ speech______ thief______ mouse______ fish_____ goose____ people ______ ox_____ Chinese _______ deer _______ foot______ child_______ tooth_______ guy________ hero_______ spy______ boss_____ monkey______ city ______ goat ______ radio ________ horse ______ dog ______ 用所给的单词的复数的正确形式填空: 1>There are so many________(wolf)in the forest. 2>There are three ______(chair) in the classroom. 3>These _______(tomato) are red. 4>______(hero) are great. 5>My brother looks after two ______(baby) 6>There are some ______(deer) eating the grass. 7>My father likes to eat _______(potato). 8>Chinese ______(people)like to eat noodles. 9>I have a lot of ______(toy) in my bedroom. 10>I help my mother wash ______(dish) in the kitchen. 11>I have two ______(pencil-box). 12>There are some ______(bus)in the street. 13>Peter has eight _____(foot). 14>Linda has three _______(tooth). 15>There are some ______(child) in the garden. 16>Michael likes the ______(mouse). 17>There are some ______(goose)in the river. 18>My uncle and father are _____(man). 19>Tom and King are _____(boy). 20>Linda has three ______(tooth). 选出正确形式 1.I can see three ________ in the zoo. A monkeys B monkeys C monkey B. feet C. foots

2.The pig has four ______. A. foot

3.My two brothers are both ______. A. policeman B. policemans C. policemen

4.There are four ___________ in the class. A. Japanese B. Japaneses C. Japan A. sheep B. dog C. pig

5.I can see ten _____ in the picture. 6.The _____ has three______. A. boys, watches B. boy, watch

C. boy, watches

7.C an you see _______on the plate? A. bread B. breads C. breades 8.The girl often brushes her_____ before she goes to bed. A. tooth B. tooths C. teeth

9.Mr Black often drink some _________.A. milk B. milks C.milkes 10.There are some _____ on the floor. A. child 11. _______ will learn English. A. Woman B. water C. books C. Man

B. Women

12.Lucy will show us some new ____ of hers. A. photo B. photos C. photoes

13. I drank two ______. A. bottles of orange B. bottle of orange C. bottles of oranges B. mice C. mouse

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教学方案新初二 - 3复数和祈使句 - 三甲书院教学设计方案 教师姓名 辅导科目 课题名称 教学重点 教学辅 吴徐琴 英语 学生姓名 年级 新初 二 张楷 周扬 王子齐...