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60自考英语词汇学笔记整理


考 语词汇学笔记 Chapter 1

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1 - The definition of a word comprises the following points: (1) a minimal free form of a language; (2) a sound unity; (3) a unit of meaning; (4) a form that can function alone in a sentence. language A word is a minimal free form of a language that has a given sound and meaning and syntactic function. 1 个单词 义 括 语 ; 语 ; 义; 个句 可 单独运 种 。 语 ,固 义固 句 结构 :

( 1 ) ( 2 )固 ( 3 )固 ( 4 )

词 语

,词 固

2- Sound and Meaning: symbolic connection is almost always arbitrary and convention al. A dog is called a dog not because the sound and the three letters that make up the w ord just automatically suggest the animal in question.

2 -声 狗称为狗

义: 为声

联系 个

总 构 单词

规。 动显 该动 问题。

3- Old English, the speech of the time was represented very much more faithfully in w riting than it is today. The internal reason for this is that the English alphabet dopted from 选 …. was a

the Romans, which does not have a separate letter to represent eac

h sound in the language so that some letters must do double duty or work together in co mbination. 3 -古 语,讲话 时间 马 , 语 。 Another reason is that the pronunciation has changed more rapidly than spelling over t he years, and in some cases the two have drawn far apart. , 经改变 发 度 过拼写多年来, 况 ,两国 距 远。 它没 个单独 代 更 实 现 今 。内 须 , 双 职责 结

书 个语 ,

选 从罗 起工 起工

A third reason is that some of the differences were created by the early scribes. Finally comes the borrowing, which is an important channel of enriching the English vo cabulary. 个 个 , 起 写员 语词汇 。 渠道,

款,这

5 - Vocabulary: All the words in a language make up its vocabulary. Not only can it re fer to the total number of the words in a language, but it can stand for all the words use d in a particular historical period. We also use it to refer to all the words of a given dial ect, a given book, a given discipline and the words possessed by an individual person. Th

e general estimate of the present-day English vocabulary is over million words. 5 -词汇: 语 补其词汇。 ? ? 仅 能 及 总 数 话, 。 ,这 词 语 ,但它可 种 图书, 学科 话 个 拥

历 时期 词。 们还 它来 独 个 。

计,当今 语词汇 过

words used in a particular historical period. We also use it to refer to all the words of a given dialect, a given book, a given discipline and the words possessed by an individua l person. The general estimate of the present-day English vocabulary is over million word s. ,这

词 话 拥

个 独

历 时期。 们还 它来 个 。

话,

图书,

学科

计,当今 语词汇 过

。words used in a particular historica

l period. We also use it to refer to all the words of a given dialect, a given book, a given discipline and the words possessed by an individual person. The general estimate of the present-day English vocabulary is over million words.词 话, 词汇 过 ,这 种 图书, 学科 话 拥 个 独 历 时期。 们还 它来 个 。 计,当今 语

。words used in a particular historical period. We also use it to refer to all th

e words of a given dialect, a given book, a given discipline and the words possessed by a n individual person. The general estimate of the present-day English vocabulary is over m illion words.词 学科 话 拥 个 独 历 时期。 们还 它来 个 。 话, 。 ,这 种 图书,

计,当今 语词汇 过

6 - Words may fall into the basic word stock and nonbasic vocabulary by use frequenc y, into content words and functional words by notion, and into native words and borrowed words by origin.

6 -词可能落 基 词股 话 来词 来 。

nonbasic 词汇

频 , 内

功能 话 话 概念,并纳

7 - The basic word stock is the foundation of the vocabulary accumulated over centuri es and forms the common core of the language. Though words of the basic word stock co nstitute a small percentage of the English vocabulary, yet it is the most important part of it. These words have obvious characteristics. 7 -基 词股 基础,积 数 年 词汇 各种 。这 话具 共同 显 语 。虽 词 基 词股 构 。

语词汇,但它

8 - All national character. Words of the basic word stock denote the most common thi national ngs and phenomena of the world around us, which are indispensable to all the people wh o speak the language Natural phenomena/Human body and relations/Names of plants and animals/Action, size, size, domain, state/Numerals, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions 格。 格。词 基 词股 谁 语 现 / 关系/ 数词, 动 / 动,大 ,网 ,国家/数词,代词,介词,连词 界, 界,这 可

们 围

9 - Stability. Words of the basic word stock have been in use for centuries. 9 -稳 。词 基 词库 数 年。

10 - Productivity . Words of the basic word stock are mostly root words or monosylla bic words. They can each be used alone, and at the same time can form new words with other roots and affixes. ,同时可

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