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新视野大学英语第二版第二册全部教案(unit1-10)


5) convey (COMMUNICATE) verb [T] to express a thought, feeling or idea so that it is understood by other people: His poetry conveys a great sense of religious devotion. If you see James, do convey my apologies (to him). [+ question word] I tried to convey in my speech how grateful we all were for his help. You don't want to convey the impression that we're not interested. 6) refine verb [T] ①to make something pure or improve something, especially by removing unwanted material: Crude oil is industrially refined to purify it and separate out the different elements, such as benzene. ②to improve an idea, method, system, etc. by making small changes: Engineers spent many months refining the software. refined adjective ①A refined substance has been made pure by removing other substances from it: refined foods such as white bread and white sugar ② improved because of many small changes that have been made: highly refined theories ③very polite and showing knowledge of social rules 7) stereotype noun [C] DISAPPROVING a fixed idea that people have about what someone or something is like, especially an idea that is wrong: racial/sexual stereotypes He doesn't conform to/fit/fill the national stereotype of a Frenchman. The characters in the book are just stereotypes. 8) confess verb [I or T] 1 to admit that you have done something wrong or something that you feel guilty or bad about: [+ that] She confessed to her husband that she had sold her wedding ring. He confessed to sleeping/having slept through most of the film. He has confessed to the murder. [+ (that)] I have to confess (that), when I first met your husband, I didn't think he was very bright. I found it all very confusing, I must confess. [R] The director confessed himself (to be) puzzled by the company's losses. 9) despair noun [U] the feeling that there is no hope and that you can do nothing to improve a difficult or troubling situation: a mood/sense of despair They're in (the depths of) despair over/about the money they've lost. To her teacher's despair, Nicole never does the work that she's told to do. Their fourth year without rain drove many farmers to (= caused them to feel) despair. despair verb [I] to feel despair about something or someone: Don't despair! We'll find a way out! I despair at/over the policies of this government. They began to despair of ever being rescued. 10) label (SIGN) noun [C] ①a piece of paper or other material which gives you information about the object it is fixed to: Remember to put some address labels on the suitcases. Washing instructions should be on the label. ②a word or a phrase which is used to describe the characteristics or qualities of people, activities or things, often in a way that is unfair: He seems to be stuck with the label of 'troublemaker'. label verb [T] -ll- or US USUALLY -l[+ adjective] The parcel was clearly labelled 'Fragile'. If you spend any time in prison, you're labelled as a criminal for the rest of your life 11) fill sth in/out (WRITE) phrasal verb [M] to write the necessary information on an official document:

to fill in a form/questionnaire 12) if only used when you want to say how doing something simple would make it possible to avoid something unpleasant: If only she'd listen to what he's saying, I'm sure they could work it out. 13) even so despite what has just been said: I had a terrible headache, but even so I went to the concert. An immediate interest cut might give a small boost to the economy. Even so, any recovery is likely to be very slow. 14) be ill at ease to be anxious and not relaxed: He seemed ill at ease and not his usual self. 3 While-reading Activities 3.1 Check the Ss’ understanding of the text with following questions 1. How did Debbie feel about her first name and why? 2. According to Debbie, what difference did it make when she substituted her middle name, Lynne, for her first name Debbie? 3. What did the writer think of Debbie‘s name change? 4. According to the writer, why did one prominent magazine consistently refuse to print ―Joe‖ in his by-line? 5. In paragraph 5, why did the woman feel at ease? 6. Why did the writer say that we were all guilty of name stereotyping to some extent? 7. How can name-based prejudices affect classroom achievement? 8. According to the writer, what can you do if your name doesn‘t seem to fit you? 3.2 detailed study of the text 1. As His Name, So Is He (title) Meaning: A man‘s name suggests something about his nature or manner. 2. …the young woman impulsively substitute her middle name , Lynne, for her first name Debbie. (para2) Meaning: the young woman replaced her first name Debbie with her middle name Lynne without thinking much. 3. …names with a positive sense can work for you, even encourage new acquaintances. (para5) Meaning:names that suggest good qualities can be useful, and even help you come to know new people. 4. Though most of us would like to think ourselves free from such prejudiced notions, we‘re all guilty of name stereotyping to some extent. Meaning: Though most of us would like to think that we don‘t have such prejudiced notions, to some degree, all of us are wrong having too simple ideas or images about people and attaching to them the qualities suggested by their names. 5. Often, we project name-based stereotypes on people… Meaning: Frequently, we imagine that people have the qualities suggested by their names… 6. …you aren‘t stuck with the label. Meaning: you are not forced to use it and you can change it. 3.3. Main ideas of each paragraph Para. 1: Para. 2: Para. 3: Para. 4: Para. 5: Para. 6: Para.7: Debbie does not feel good about her name. Her change of name helped bring success to her career. It is important to have the right name because it suggests certain qualities. Names are attached to specific images. Names with a positive sense can work for people, even encourage new acquaintances. People are sometimes guilty of name stereotyping in relation to names. Prejudices against or in favor of certain names can affect students‘ classroom

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