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新视野大学英语第二版第二册全部教案(unit1-10)


achievements, objectively graded IQ and popularity with their peers. Para. 8: If you think your name does not suit you, you can change your old name.

4. Post-reading Activities 4.1 Summarize the passage using the tips below.
1. make a difference 2. lead to success 3. suggest qualities 4. specific images 5. a positive sense 6. name stereotyping 7. prejudices against 8. affect one‘s evaluation

Suggested answer:
The author describes ways names can make a difference. After changing her name Debbie into Lynne, a woman is now very successful in her career. Although changing one‘s name does not necessarily lead to success, names are indeed very important in people‘s life, because they can suggest qualities. And names are attached to specific images. A name with positive sense is good for a person and can encourage one to have new friends. But sometimes people make the mistake of name stereotyping and have prejudices against or in favor of certain names. Such prejudices may affect instructors‘ or examiners‘ evaluation of students‘ classroom achievement, objectively graded IQ, achievement tests and also student‘s popularity with their peers. 4.2 Structured writing

A Paragraph of Comparison
Making comparison (对比法) is a typical method of paragraph development adopted in this passage so as to clarify the main points. Read the following paragraph and underline the comparison. English language and Chinese language have many differences. First, in sound, English is different from Chinese. The Chinese language doesn‘t have the sounds such as /?/, /?/,/^/, but English has them. In grammar, English has tenses which are expressed in a different way from Chinese. For example, the present tense is expressed by ―to be doing‖, while in Chinese it is indicated by the words ―right now‖. In spelling, the two languages are very different from each other. English uses 26 letters, but Chinese uses characters, which look like small pictures The first sentence ―English language and Chinese language have many differences.‖ is the general statement. Then the writer makes comparisons between Chinese and English in sound, grammar and spelling.

Writing Task
Write a paragraph of about 80 words on something that people have different opinions on, trying to make some comparison in your work.

Topic On rural workers Suggested writing:
There is an ambivalent feeling towards rural workers. No one denies the important contributions that rural workers have made to urban development. They have done most of dirty, dangerous and underpaid jobs in heavy industries, construction sites and other fields that city residents are unwilling to enter. They have become an indispensable part of urban life to a point where the machinery of a city cannot operate without these cogs even though they are small and unnoticed. Yet an anti-migrant attitude runs consistently through the mainstream of urban consciousness. City residents complain that migrant workers have worsened traffic and sanitation problems and have threatened to take already scarce urban jobs. They also blame them for the

sharp rise in the urban crime rate.

II. Section B

Judge by Appearances

1. Reading Skills:Scanning
1). What is scanning? Scanning is a reading skill used to locate key or specific information quickly, e.g. dates, numbers, examples & definitions. 2). When to scan ? Scanning is used, for example, when you A) want to look up a word in a dictionary or a number in a telephone directory. B) first find a resource to determine whether it will answer your questions. 3. How to scan ? Look for A) highlighted words, e.g. words in bold or italic. B) numbers, e.g. dates and statistics. C) words such as ―first‖, ―second‖, or ―additionally‖ or words that are repeated. D) definitions. E) examples, including diagrams.

Exercise: Scan the following paragraphs and answer each question. You have a time limit of 60 seconds for each question.
Long and short term memory In order to develop effective learning skills, it is necessary to understand more about how the memory is structured, in particular the role of short-term memory and long-term memory. Short-term memory is the part known as the conscious mind and is used for paying attention. Long-term memory is where information is stored. There are many things that come into the short-term memory and are not transferred to the long-term memory. In fact the brain is designed to forget between 50 and 75 percent of the information that is not transferred to the longterm memory within 24 hours. … Question: What percentage of information is forgotten in short term memory if it is not transferred to long term memory? Task: Do Exercise I on page 145 to improve the Ss‘ reading skill.

2. Detailed study of words and phrases:
1) valid adjective 1>. based on truth or reason; able to be accepted: a valid argument/criticism/reason My way of thinking might be different from yours, but it's equally valid. Compare invalid (NOT CORRECT). 2> A ticket or other document is valid if it is based on or used according to a set of official conditions which often include a time limit: My passport is valid for another two years. 3> having legal force: Is this contract/ticket/agreement still valid? validate verb [T] to make something officially acceptable or approved, especially after examining it: It is a one-year course validated by London's City University. The data is validated automatically by the computer after it has been entered.

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