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新视野大学英语第二版第二册全部教案(unit1-10)


method, reading approach, communicative approach and total physical response method.
Teacher explains the reading skill (finding out word meanings). Students practise the skill by doing the exercise on page 41 in pairs.

2. Passage Reading (The Standard for Olympic Excellence)
2.1 Lead-in and preparation for reading Show Students some pictures about famous athletes and let them talk to each other. Purpose: Arouse the students‘ interest of study. Bring in new subject: The Standard for Olympic Excellence. Method: Use the CAI and talk in groups; Use task-based language teaching method,

reading approach, communicative approach, audiolingual method, and total physical response method. 2.2 Comprehension Questions
Read the passage as quickly as they can. and ask the Students to find the key idea in

each paragrapg and answer the questions on page 47~48. 2.3 Difficult Sentences 1.To achieve such honor, one must both perform at his or her event's highest level and act as a role model on the world's biggest stage. (Para. 1) Meaning: To win honor for their nations and themselves at the Olympics, athletes must perform at their best, and be a role model for others to follow. 2.And, they never experience the glory of winning through the virtues of hard work and determination. (Para. 1) Meaning: And, they are never able to enjoy the great honor of winning that comes from their hard work and a strong desire to succeed. 3.With speed, consistency, integrity and above all desire, Lewis defied not only the stopwatch but also the march of time. (Para. 2) Meaning: With his speed, consistent performance, honesty and most importantly with his desire, it seemed that for Lewis the stopwatch no longer existed and time stopped. 4.He demanded nothing less than the best from himself and achieved the best, not with drugs, but with unmatched discipline and commitment to training. (Para. 2) Meaning: What he wanted was the best results that he could possibly achieve, and he would not accept anything less. Ultimately, he achieved these results not because he used drugs, but because he was strict with himself and he devoted himself to training. 5.Carl set his mind on track and that was it. (Para. 3) Meaning: Carl decided to take up track as his career and never changed his mind. 6.He said he wanted to be the best, period. (Para. 3) In the US, people say "period" after stating a fact or opinion when they want to emphasize that they are definite about something and do not want to discuss further. Here it means that Carl Lewis always wanted to be the best and nothing else. 7.In 1985, however, a cloud appeared on Carl Lewis' horizon... (Para. 4) Meaning: In 1985, something unpleasant happened to Lewis... 9. All of the cameras focused on Lewis and Johnson as the runners took their marks in the final heat. (Para. 4) Meaning: All cameras focused on Lewis and Johnson as they took their positions at the starting line in the final heat. Here "heat" means a part of a race or competition, the winners of which then compete against each other at the next stage.| 9.... Johnson was stripped of his gold medal and sent packing by the International Olympic Committee when his post-race drug test indicated steroid use. (Para. 4) Meaning: ...the International Olympic Committee took the gold medal back from Johnson and sent him away, because they found out in the drug test after the race that Johnson used steroids to help him run faster. 10.The gold medal was given to Lewis instead, yet many did not see his conquest as a real victory, and he became swept up in the apparent blanket condemnation of the sport. (Para. 4) Meaning: The gold medal was given to Lewis, but many people didn't regard his victory as a real one, and he became caught up in a general criticism of the sport, which was being condemned for dishonesty. We can use the word "blanket" to describe something when we want to emphasize that it affects or aims at everyone or everything without exception. 11.Lewis firmly denied the charges and countered by proving before a judge that the magazine that had published the stories did so without foundation to their claims. (Para. 4) Meaning: Lewis declared that the charges were definitely untrue and in response he argued before a judge that the magazine stories were not based on facts. 12.An opponent of steroid use, Lewis was never linked to drug use by anything but rumor. (Para. 4) Meaning: Lewis was strongly against the use of steroids, and has never been associated with them except through rumor. (That is, Lewis was linked to drug use only in rumor. The fact is Lewis never used it.) 13.It would take the formula of Lewis' further commitment to the sport and his love for

competition to lift some of the suspicion from track events and stop the erosion of support that the Olympics began to suffer after Seoul. (Para. 5) Meaning: Lewis' model of continued hard work and loyalty to the sport and his passion for competition would help clear up people's distrust for track events and win back their support for the Olympics, which had been declining after the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul. 2.4 Key Words and Expressions sacrifice exploit determination defy horizon explosive opponent deny rumor suspicion reception act as not hear of it set one‘s mind on set the stage for focus on strip sb. of sth. charge sb. with sth. 1. sacrifice to sacrifice one‘s health for one‘s work. 为了工作牺牲健康 2. exploit I won't exploit your difficulty to beat you in competition. 我不会利用你的困难来在比赛中取胜。 3. determination a man of determination 意志坚强的人 4. defy 向...挑战 ;违抗;不服从 Carl's friends defied him to jump into the river from the bridge. 卡尔的朋友们激他从桥上跳到河里去。 Many kids defy their parents and play the computer games for hours everyday. 很多孩子不听父母的话,每天要打好几个小时的电子游戏。 When the teacher asked the boy to come to the front, he defied her by remaining in his seat. 老师让那男孩到前面来,他却不服从,仍旧坐在自己座位上。 5. horizon to broaden/expand one‘s horizons 开阔眼界 6. explosive an explosive growth in business 业务迅猛增长 explosive issues 容易引起争端的事件 7. opponent be an opponent to new ideas 反对新思想 8. deny There is no denying that… 无可否认… It does no good to your boy if you never deny him anything. 如果你对儿子有求必应,对他并没有任何益处。 9. rumor Rumor has it that… 有传言说… 10. suspicion be arrested under suspicion of spying 因涉嫌犯了间谍罪而被逮捕 On suspicion of using drugs, the athlete was required to go through a drug test. 这位运动员因被怀疑使用了药物而被要求进行药检。 11. reception be surprised at the cool reception 对受到的冷遇有些惊讶 to get an unfriendly reception 受到不友好的接待 wedding reception 婚宴 12. act as to act as interpreter 当口译 13. not hear of it I want to go to the show tonight, but I know my moyher will not hear of it. 我想今晚去看戏,但我知道妈不会同意。 14. set one's mind on If you have set your mind on a nice future for yourself, study hard from now on.

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